• Australia has become the first country in the world to recognise 'orphanage trafficking' as a form of modern slavery. Children from smaller countries are recruited in orphanages in the West for the purpose of profit through foreign aid. As per estimates, 80% of children living in the world's orphanages have at least one living parent.
  • India’s first locomotive-less train, known as Train 18, has breached the 180 kilometers per hour speed limit during a test run at Kota-Sawai Madhopur section in Rajasthan. When this indigenously designed train is made operational, it will become the country’s fastest train.
  • Qatar has announced its decision to leave the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) from January 2019 and focus more on the production of natural gas. The announcement was made by Qatar’s new energy minister, Saad al-Kaabi. Qatar is the world’s largest exporter of LPG. 
  • German firm BigRep claims it has produced the world's first fully functioning e-motorbike NERA using a 3D printer. According to the company, NERA has groundbreaking features like airless tires, embedded electronics, and forkless steering. The bike was conceptualized and developed in 12 weeks and includes 15 parts, which are all 3D printed except its motor and battery. The name is derived from the slogan "New Era".
  • Luxembourg is set to become the first country in the world to make all public transport free, implementing the move in 2020The move is aimed at addressing environmental issues and the problem of traffic congestion. Earlier, Luxembourg introduced free transport for all people under the age of 20.
  • The second-largest Ebola outbreak in history has spread to a major city in eastern CongoButembo, with more than one million residents, is now reporting cases of the deadly hemorrhagic fever.The Ebola virus spreads via bodily fluids of those infected, including the dead.
  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has launched a new framework, the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact, to combat the scourge of international terrorism and coordinate efforts across the peace and security, humanitarian, human rights and sustainable development sectors.
  • The number of patents granted by India shot up by 50% in 2017, keeping up a trend of steep increases, according to the UN's World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).Globally,1.4 million patents were granted in 2017, the report estimated.
  • According to the Global Wage Report 2018-19 published by International Labour Organization (ILO), Women are paid the most unequally in India, compared to men, when it comes to hourly wages for labor. On average, women are paid 34% less than men. This gap in wages, known as the gender wage gap, is the highest among 73 countries. 
  • Food and Agriculture organisation, FAO Council has approved India’s proposal to observe an International Year of Millets in 2023. The FAO Council has also approved India’s membership to the Executive Board of the United Nations World Food Program for 2020 and 2021.
  •  India's first Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence established by the European Union was inaugurated at the Department of European Studies (DES) at Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal.
  •  Israel became a full member of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), an international body set up to combat money laundering, terrorist financing and other threats to the international financial system.
  •  India signed an ascension pact to the 30-member Trans-Regional Maritime Network that will give it an access to the information on ships passing through the Indian Ocean Region.
  • Akademik Lomonosov, the world's first "floating" nuclear power plant (FNPP) for installation in remote areas, has been started and brought to 10% of its capacity, Russian state-run atomic energy corporation Rosatom announced.
  • The indigenously developed Kaiga Atomic Power Station in Karnataka has set a new world record, with one of its units operating uninterrupted for more than 940 days. This is a record for all kinds of nuclear power-generating units, including advanced gas-based reactors in the world.
  • The UN Climate Conference 2018 was held recently in Katowice, Poland. In the meeting ministers of 200 nations finally reached consensus on rules to implement the 2015 Paris climate agreement.The Paris accord aims to limit the rise in global atmospheric temperature to well below 2 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial revolution levels. 
  • UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan declared 2019 as the Year of Tolerance, an extension of the Year of Zayed which has run this year.
  • The U.N. General Assembly voted nearly unanimously to adopt a framework to strengthen the international response to the global refugee crisis. The United States and Hungary were the only two nations that voted against the Global Compact on Refugees.
  • The UN General Assembly has adopted the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, the first-ever negotiated global framework on a common approach to international migration in all its dimensions.
  • Burundi declared the small central city of Gitega the country’s new political capital, in line with a presidential promise, made a decade ago.
  • The first meeting of the Follow-up Committee for implementation of the Trilateral Chabahar Agreement between India, Afghanistan and Iran was held in the port city of Chabahar in Iran.
  • Indian firm India Ports Global Limited formally took over the operations of Chabahar's Shaheed Behesti port in Iran, which opens a trade route between India and central Asiabypassing Pakistan.
  •  In a landmark policy shift, Japan formally announced that it would withdraw from the International Whaling Commission (IWC) and resume commercial whaling in its territorial waters next year for the first time in more than 30 years.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced Rs4,500 crore financial assistance to Bhutanfor its 12th five-year plan after holding wide-ranging talks with his Bhutanese counterpart Lotay Tshering.
     The new five-year plan of Bhutan began in 2018 and will continue till 2022.
  • Turkmenistan has launched its first messaging app BizBarde. The privately developed BizBarde app will allow the exchange of messages, files, photos and videos, the state Yaslyk television station announced. 
    One of the world's most isolated regimes, the ex-Soviet republic has blocked Western services including Twitter, Facebook, Whatsapp, and Viber, along with popular Russian networks Odnoklassniki and VKontakte.
  • Nepal imposed a monthly limit on the amount of Indian currency its citizen can spend in India. A spokesperson of the Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) stated that a Nepali citizen would be unable to spend more than INR 1 lakh per month while paying for goods and services in India.The decision was taken to address the country’s current account deficit. 
  • A 33-year-old man Colin O'Brady from the United States has become the first person to complete a solo trek across Antarctica without any assistance.
  • Pakistan's cabinet has approved the issuance of first-ever renminbi-denominated 'Panda Bonds' to raise loans from China's capital markets, as the country moved a step forward to give the Chinese currency status at par with the US dollar. 
    The Finance Ministry did not seek the Cabinet's nod for the size of the bond, but it expects to raise $500 million to $1 billion in various tranches.